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Hydrogen decrepitation and recycling of NdFeB-type sintered magnets Zakotnik M, Devlin E, Harris IR, Williams AJ ... Environmental degradation of NdFeB magnets Yan GL, McGuiness PJ, Farr JPG, Harris IR Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2009;478:188-92 Oxidation of NdFeB-type magnets modified with additions of Co, Dy, Zr and V ...Mar 1, 2019 · The Hydrogen Decrepitation process (HD) is used as an alternative method of powder preparation in the manufacturing process of sintered Nd Fe B magnets [ 1]. During the HD process a NdFeB-type material is hydrogenated by gaseous hydrogen at atmospheric (or elevated) pressure at room (or elevated) temperature. The hydrogen treatment of the Nd‐Fe‐B alloy ingots was found to produce magnet powders with good magnetic properties. Typical magnetic properties of these powders are as follows; 4πIs = 9.5 kG, Br = 7.7 kG, iHc = 9.4 kOe, and (BH)max = 12.2 MGOe. Microstructural studies of these powders showed that they are made of fine …The use of 3-D laser confocal microscopy to visualise hydrogen interactions in-sit; The use of hydrogen decrepitation to extract NdFeB magnets from electronic assemblies; In-situ removal of magnets from large magnetic assemblies using hydrogen; Corrosion protection for NdFeB magnets; Recycling of rare earth magnets; Strip casting …The reaction speed in the typical hydrogenation run (Fig. 1b, 1d) is limited only by the rate of the gas diffusion into the sample.When the reaction proceeds in deficiency of hydrogen (Fig. 1b) only a part of the Nd transforms into neodymium hydride NdH y as it follows from the diffraction pattern displayed in Fig. 2d.That pattern includes …Fully dense, sintered NdFeB-type magnets have been subjected to the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. The resultant powder has been subsequently …Hydrogen Decrepitation and Recycling of NdFeB-type Sintered Magnets. Miha Zakotnik, E. Devlin, +1 author. A. Williams. Published 2006. Materials Science, Engineering. Journal of Iron and Steel Research International. View via Publisher. Save to Library.The hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process for cast NdFeB alloys [1] has also been shown to be a technically and economically effective method for breaking down scrap sintered NdFeB magnets into a powder [2] and hence, for instance, for the separation of NdFeB-based magnets from end-of-life hard disk drive assemblies [3], [4].Hydrogen absorption/adsorption properties of high coercivity NdDyFeCoNbCuB sintered magnets were determined. Hydrogenation kinetics were analyzed using both differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Hydrogenation of the Nd-rich intergranular phase results in a rather broad and large peak …Sprecher, et al. [8] compared the environmental impact of producing virgin NdFeB magnets to producing recycled NdFeB magnets from waste computer hard disk drives (HDDs) using hydrogen decrepitation. The results showed that recycling in general was more favorable to the environment, and this was especially true for manual …calcium [12] and hydrogen decrepitation [1,13-19]. Many of these are under current development. Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) is based on the selective synthesis of neodymium hydrides though the reaction of hydrogen gas with neodymium located in the Nd-Fe-B magnet. HD process was originally designed and patented by Harris et al. (1979) as a way to The Hydrogen Decrepitation process (HD) is used as an alternative method of powder preparation in the manufacturing process of sintered Nd Fe B magnets [ 1]. During the HD process a NdFeB-type material is hydrogenated by gaseous hydrogen at atmospheric (or elevated) pressure at room (or elevated) temperature.High performance NdFeB permanent magnets are widely manufactured using the conventional powder metallurgy route involving distinct steps: alloy synthesis by strip casting, pulverization by hydrogen decrepitation and jet milling, shaping by compaction and sintering followed by annealing [32]. Every step of this manufacturing process has …Jul 14, 2000 · The decrepitation process and related changes in the sample temperature are analysed to explain the experimentally observed weight gain curve of a Nd–Fe–B sample due to hydrogen uptake. It is shown that the expansion of the specific surface resulting from decrepitation of the sample is the most important parameter controlling the hydrogen ... Dec 20, 2020 · Extraction of NdFeB from rotors using hydrogen. Seven semi-embedded rotors and non-embedded rotors were processed separately in two experiments. All the magnets in individual slots were scored in concentric circles using an angle grinder to provide a fresh surface for the hydrogen, as shown in Fig. 3, 15–30 min before being loaded into the ... magnets. The thermal and mechanical impact of the hydrogen decrepitation process was assessed during hydrogen processing. For all forms of sintered NdFeB scrap the surface condition of the magnets is important as oxidation has been shown to inhibit the onset of the hydrogen decrepitation process. In this Jan 1, 2022 · The SC alloy is converted into a fine powder by hydrogen decrepitation and then jet-milling (JM) to produce a fine powder consisting almost entirely of single crystal particles of the Nd 2 Fe 14 B phase. This powder is then filled into fills molds and pressed while a magnetic field is applied to orient the individual particles. The compacted ... May 5, 2023 · The first is the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process, which is already used in the primary production of NdFeB magnets to convert the alloy into powder form before further comminution. 46 The second process, named HDDR, which consists of two different steps, namely hydrogenation–disproportionation (HD) and desorption–recombination (DR), was ... Hydrogen decrepitation of Nd-Fe-B type magnet alloys is a two stage process. Firstly, the hydrogen reacts with the Nd-rich phase at or close to room …Jul 15, 2015 · The obtained strips were pulverized and further milled into ∼5 μm powder using hydrogen decrepitation and jet milling, respectively. These powders were pressed in a magnetic field of 1.8 T under a pressure of 8.0 MPa. Afterward, the green compacts were sintered at 1070°C for 3 h in vacuum, cooled by Ar quenching. Sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets were subjected to the Hydrogen Decrepitation (HD) process at various temperatures in the range of 50-300°C, at two different pressures, 50 kPa and 200 kPa, followed by ...NdFeB magnets are used in wind turbines and hybrid electric vehicles and are instrumental in progression toward a low-carbon economy. Recycling rare-earth elements (REEs) from NdFeB magnet waste is an important step toward building a sustainable REE supply chain. In this study, we describe an electrochemical process to selectively extract REEs from NdFeB magnet waste at room temperature. First ... Feb 5, 2009 · Abstract. Some fully dense, sintered NdFeB-type magnets (employed in VCM disc drives) have been subjected to a recycling process using the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. After a brief milling treatment, the powder was aligned, pressed and re-sintered and this procedure was repeated four times with a progressive fall in the density and in ... Jan 1, 2022 · The SC alloy is converted into a fine powder by hydrogen decrepitation and then jet-milling (JM) to produce a fine powder consisting almost entirely of single crystal particles of the Nd 2 Fe 14 B phase. This powder is then filled into fills molds and pressed while a magnetic field is applied to orient the individual particles. The compacted ... Semantic Scholar extracted view of "A study of the effects of the addition of various amounts of Cu to sintered NdFeB magnets" by O. Ragg et al. ... from an Nd/sub 17/-Fe/sub 76.5/-B/sub 5/-Cu/sub 1.5/ alloy by a two-step heat treatment at 1370 K and 870 K following hydrogen decrepitation (HD)-processing. …For the second type, three popular techniques, hydrogen decrepitation (HD), HDDR, and MS are applied to produce magnetic powders with the waste magnets. Note that the resultant powders prepared from the three techniques are single crystal powders, textured polycrystalline powders, and random aligned polycrystalline powders, respectively. ...Nov 15, 1988 · A combination of hydrogen decrepitation (HD) and jet milling (JM) has been used to produce powder for the processing of permanent magnets. The procedure has proved to be very successful for both NdFeB (Neomax) alloys and the NdDyFeNbB high coercivity alloys. This work could have implications with regard to the mechanism of hydrogen decrepitation of sintered NdFeB magnets during the well-established recycling process described by Walton et al. [19] and [20]. During this process, scrap sintered NdFeB magnets are damaged in air to expose a clean surface suitable for hydrogen decrepitation. …Jan 1, 2022 · The SC alloy is converted into a fine powder by hydrogen decrepitation and then jet-milling (JM) to produce a fine powder consisting almost entirely of single crystal particles of the Nd 2 Fe 14 B phase. This powder is then filled into fills molds and pressed while a magnetic field is applied to orient the individual particles. The compacted ... 99.5%. The strips were employed in hydrogen decrepitation (HD) into coarse fragile particles. These coarse particles were then sent into jet milling (JM) procedure under a N. 2. gas flow. The dry powder was compacted of 14 mm diameter and 15 mm height with the alignment made with the maximum 2 T magnetic field. magnets from electrical and electronic equipment. These materials are then processed using hydrogen decrepitation to transform the NdFeB magnets into a hydrogenated powder. This powder can then be extracted mechanically from the obsolete devices, and can then be processed further to produce either sintered or bonded rare earth magnets.The invention relates to a hydrogen decrepitation process for sintered Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets and belongs to the technical field of magnetic materials. The hydrogen decrepitation process includes melting metal materials, quickly solidifying the metal materials into cast pieces, activating the cast pieces under a certain condition, namely …The behavior of hydrogen absorption and release in hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process of Nd-Fe-B alloys were investigated. The results reveal that the reactivity and the amount of hydrogen absorption in HD process are related to the surface activity of the alloy so that the fresh and active surface has a higher efficiency. The presence of Nd-rich phase at the …Hydrogen Decrepitation is a process step used in the production of Neodymium magnets to create extremely small grains in the material. Neodymium magnets must have very …The gravimetric measurements also confirmed that Dy additions increase both the initiation and absorption time for hydrogen decrepitation. Hence, a higher hydrogen pressure will be required to speed up the process. AB - Scrap containing NdFeB is a valuable resource for the production of NdFeB magnets as the demand for these materials grows.NdFeB magnets are used in wind turbines and hybrid electric vehicles and are instrumental in progression toward a low-carbon economy. Recycling rare-earth elements (REEs) from NdFeB magnet waste is an important step toward building a sustainable REE supply chain. In this study, we describe an electrochemical process to selectively extract REEs from NdFeB magnet waste at room temperature. First ... Mar 1, 1985 · The hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process are studied in detail based on these results. The hydrogen absorption mechanism of Sm(CoFeCuZr) 7.6 alloy can be regarded as a hydrogen dissolution process without phase transformation. In addition, the existence of a large amount of fine grains in the SC has an adverse effect on the alignment, which can ... This way of powdering known as hydrogen decrepitation (HD) is a well-established stage of manufacturing technologies of sintered [2], [3] and bonded [4] Nd–Fe–B magnets. The interstitial hydrogen in the ferromagnetic Nd 2 Fe 14 B phase reduces significantly its anisotropy field H A. That is why desorption of hydrogen is necessary in …As noted above, the calculated Gibbs energy of reactions of individual REE with atomic hydrogen (Table 1) is strongly negative, thereby predictive of rapid chemical decrepitation of the two-phase Nd-magnet within the temperature range of interest. These reactions can be expected to take place immediately … See moreThe Hydrogen Decrepitation process (HD) is used as an alternative method of powder preparation in the manufacturing process of sintered Nd Fe B magnets [ 1]. During the HD process a NdFeB-type material is hydrogenated by gaseous hydrogen at atmospheric (or elevated) pressure at room (or elevated) temperature.Received 21st February 2020, Accepted 5th March 2020. meric portion. The PA-free magnet powder was found to retain >90% of its original magnetic properties. Two epoxy-bonded magnets produced with this recycled magnet powder showed magnetic properties. DOI: 10.1039/d0gc00647e. Hydrogen absorption and desorption characteristics for high coercivity NdDyFeCoNbCuB sintered bulk magnets were studied, by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurement and hydrogenation kinetics measurement. The DSC measurements showed that hydrogenation of Nd-rich phase occurred in the temperature range of … High-temperature oxidation resistance of NThe room temperature hydrogenation causes decrepitation A high performance sintered NdFeB magnet with N52 was prepared by strip casting, hydrogen decrepitation, jet milling, rubber isostatic pressing with impulse magnetic field and vibrating. The structure of the magnet was investigated by XRD, optical microscope, TEM and SEM, and its demagnetization curve was tested by magnetograph. The results … As noted above, the calculated Gibbs energy of reactions International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Volume 24, Issues 2–3, 1 March 1999, Pages 257-261. Application of hydrogen vibration milling in theprocessing of NdFeB and (Nd, Pr)FeB permanent magnets. Author links open overlay panel R.S Mottram 1, V Yartys 2, P.W Guegan 1, I.r Harris 1. Show more.Sep 7, 2022 · We report investigations on the processing by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) of RE2Fe14B (RE = Nd, Pr…) powders obtained by hydrogen decrepitation of decommissioned magnets and the magnetic properties of the consolidated magnets. First experiments have been carried out with a commercial powder to make clear the mechanisms occurring during the powder densification. The magnetic properties of ... Each magnet was exposed to hydrogen and the decrep...

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The hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process for cast NdFeB alloys [1] has also been shown to be ...

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magnets from electrical and electronic equipment. These materials are then processed using hydrogen de...

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Introduction. In the fields of sintered magnets, the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) technique has been widely used. The as-mel...

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Feb 1, 1997 · Hydrogen decrepitation of Nd-Fe-B type magnet alloys is a two stage process. Firstly, the hydro...

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0.5% -1%. Dysprosium (Dy) 0.8% -1.2%. The method of manufacture of Neodymium Iron Boron magnets is as follows: The N...

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